saf submerged arc furnace
submerged arc furnace process
9 mva submerged arc furnace

DC Submerged Arc Furnace

DC submerged arc furnace is superior to AC arc in stability and single direction, which has great benefits for heat transfer in metallurgical processes. Theoretical analysis indicates that replacing AC current with DC current is a significant technological innovation measure. Due to the absence of zero crossing of DC current, the stability of the arc is improved, and the interference to the power grid is reduced accordingly. The method of using direct current to smelt metal in a direct current submerged arc furnace is basically the same as that of an alternating current arc furnace. However, due to the high anode heat on the charging side, the electric heating efficiency of the DC arc is high. Using a controllable thyristor static converter as the power supply for the DC submerged arc furnace, the AC power supply can be converted into DC. Practices of the DC submerged arc furnace ferroalloys production confirmed the advantages of the DC submerged arc furnace process including energy saving and other economic benefits.Compared with AC furnace, except for yield is the same, specific energy reduces.

The structure of DC submerged arc furnace is basically similar to that of AC submerged arc furnace. The main electrical equipment includes rectifier transformer, rectifier cabinet, high and low voltage electrical equipment and electric control system. The main mechanical equipment includes single-phase self baking electrodes or graphite electrodes, electrode holders, electrode lifting structures and electrode hold and release devices, semi enclosed low smoke hoods, conductive furnace bodies, hydraulic systems, water cooling systems, feeding devices, and smoke exhaust systems.


Special Part of DC Submerged Arc Furnace

Special Part of DC Submerged Arc Furnace

The special part of the DC submerged arc furnace structure is the conductive furnace bottom and the furnace bottom anode, which are not only the melting crucible but also an input terminal of the DC power supply. The conductive furnace bottom should have good conductivity to reduce electrical energy loss; Good insulation to ensure safe production and high temperature in the reaction zone; Uniform electric distribution, so that the temperature distribution of smelting bath is relatively close; Long service life to reduce furnace shutdown maintenance and replacement manufacturing, and achieve high economic benefits. Therefore, the conductive furnace bottom and its anode technology are the key to the design of DC reduction circuits.


CHNBZTECH DC Submerged Arc Furnace Strength

CHNBZTECH DC Submerged Arc Furnace Strength
  • Compared to ac, electrode consumption saves 40-50percent,

  • Noise intensity decreases 7-13 bb,

  • Power factor rises up to 0.93-0.94,

  • Productivity increases by 10-15 percent.